Hal Winters' War
1914 - 1919
Diary 2 goes from 4th April 1915 to 21st June 1915
Click to jump to a particular month
April 1915 May 1915 June1915
|H F Winters|
2nd F Amb
4/4/15 - 21/6/15
Sunday 4th Fell in at Mena at 6.30 pm & sang & slept on parade ground til 11 pm when we started to march to Cairo. Saw last of pyramids soon after midnight and arrived in Cairo about 2.50 am
Monday 5th Boarded train at 3.30 am, started at 5.50 am. Arrived in Alexandria at 10.00 am. Spent afternoon embarking wagons. Slept the night in Isolation Hospital, right over native sailor’s quarters. Sometime between 7.20 pm & 2.30 am, while sleeping, someone probably a native, went thro’ my Garibaldi shirt & got pocket book, found pen pay book, addresses, photos, brassard postcards etc. Reported it & offered natives a reward, no good.
Tuesday 6th. Read Huck. Finn.
Wednesday 6.45 Parade. Sailed 7.10 am. Parade 10 am, no other parade. Many sick
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Escaped myself, though giddy at times.
Thursday. Passed numerous islands in the Aegean Sea. Came into a bay surrounded by high hills with their tops veiled in cloud. There are many warships mostly apparently obsolete. The Russian 5 funnel warship we saw at Colombo is here. A large warship, Queen Elizabeth, came in at sundown.
Friday 9th. Disembarkation practice. Tried all day to get something to read. Played cards & wrote Mother.
Saturday 10th. More ships in bay. The smooth green hills are a welcome contrast to the sand hills of Mena. 5 or 6 little villages nestle amongst the hills. The country is like Port Arlington or Barrabool Hills. Scarcely any flats & perfect weather. Ball cartridge served out to ASC & Engineers. Read Wee Willy Winky
Sunday 11th Church Service
Monday 12 Went as one of a boat’s crew for mail. Letters from Mother, Mrs Lang, Vera, Alb. Burge, Liz Woodlock
Tuesday Wrote Mother & Mrs Lang. P.C. to Mrs Stubbs. Lost purse with red cross. Read Broad Highway & Shorty McCabe.
Wednesday 14. No bread. The hills around the bay are perfect with cloud patches and shadows and numerous windmills like roly poly puddings cut in half and stuck on end on every hill.
Thursday 15 Went ashore at 9.30. Marched thro’ native village to the hills. The foot high crops were plentifully sprinkled with scarlet poppies, painting the whole a pink hue. The smell of the flowers is pleasant after ship and Egypt. In places were patches of a purple flower like pennyroyal and some plants like flannell. As we went up the hill more and more of the bay came
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into view till from the top the whole harbour lay like a lake covered with shipping - some 70 or 80 vessels, including 14 warships, submarines destroyers and torpedo boats.
Towards the Dardenelles could be seen 4 cruisers steaming in line and to the north amongst smaller hills was a tall mountain lined with snow, shrouded at the top with clouds. Numbers of French native soldiers, probably Algerians, were in huts by the road. In the village were some women washing clothes at the public washing place, 4 or 5 hollowed rocks with a well in the centre.
All the shops are wine shops a few of which run as restaurant - temporally, for the troops, apparently.
Got aboard at 9.30 p.m. Len Bagley & Mac gave particulars & qualifications for membership of The Society of Ones. Climbed up one of the mast stays, wire cable some
100 feet high, thereby becoming a member and making a beastly mess of trousers & puttees.
Friday 16th Bluffed ashore to hold boat. Went through village again. Had dinner at an old windmill converted into a restaurant capable of holding some 4 persons in round figures. These mills are circular with canvas sails.
The corn is put into a hole in the centre of the stone which is 5 or 6 ft diam, & comes out at the circumference and down into the lower storey. The whole top is moveable, with the sails, to keep the latter into the wind. In almost every shop is an old woman spinning and one was spreading strands over sticks thrust into a stone wall. Apparently a pulling man is twisting into 8 strand yarn.
Got some Greek coins 5, 10 & 20 (Greek = Lapta) - ½ 1’ & 2’. & 2.
10 centimes - Empire & Republic.
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Sat 17. 6.45 pm. Climbed down rope over ships side. touched Mediterranean Sea and climbed up again. Got within a foot of top & couldn’t hold on owing to the dryness of rope & hands.
Touched the Mediterranean all over. After getting out again found had lost puttee in water. Worst watch spoilt by salt water. Fingers badly burnt by rope.
Great jubilation among ½ thousand spectators.
Sunday.18 At Church Parade Colonel read letters from Birdwood telling about the hard work in front of Australians.
Monday 19 Disembarkation.
Tuesday 20 Lost money belt in evening.
Wednesday 21 Letters from Trix, Mother Stella Gambin, Dolly Tharrett. Made purse of canvas.
Thursday (22) Nothing to do sewed etc. all day.
Friday (23) Ditto. Concert in evening.
Saturday. (24th) Got out of bay - round to other side. Weighed anchor at 11.30 p.m.
Got up at 4 a.m. on Sunday (25th). Numbers of warships about, some - including Queen Elizabeth - within a mile firing at forts occasionally a reply shell will come short & send up a column.
Our boys got aboard a destroyer at 7 a.m. On this was one sailor shot through head who died soon. One infantryman had been wounded just over the eye and he said some boats had been overturned - blown up before landing. The bombardment is going on. The rifles sounded like strings of crackers.
(photo of watchers on the Mashobra)
A few minutes ago while I was shaving two shells landed in the sea on either side of our ship fifty yards
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or so away, so we moved out a bit. One ship has a captive balloon when … up since 5th morning.
Two aeroplanes are moving above. … we had news the Australians have been doing well.
Anchored in sea some 10 miles or so from fight.
Monday 26th. Some firing has been going on all night. Flashes plain & then shell exploding.
It seems terrible for us to be idling here while so much is going on so near.
Any of Frank and our mates may be killed or wounded & we’re nearby with nothing to do but watch the bombardment.
Each time a big gun or broadside goes off the concussion vibrates the whole ship, even at the distance of nearly 10 miles.
The news came tonight that Turk are on the retreat.
This means we may be ashore tomorrow. Pray God may be so. And He is very close the last day or so.
Tuesday 27 Bombardment still goes on. Much shrapnel being used.
If only we were ashore we could be doing so much. I wonder how Frank & the Ones are.
A magazine on shore blown up.
W.O. says that ships have found range
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of Turkish headquarters. In the evening … … all the warships have & then the shore batteries … - Half a dozen d.. of .. quarter … … - 2 or 3 st from water as the …
On guard 9 p.m. - 1 a.m.
Message came through Italy & Greece had got into it on our side. Can’t vouch for truth.
If only we of the tent division could get ashore we could do a great deal of good dressing duty or stretcher bearing or anything.
Wednesday 28 Weighed anchor 6.30 a.m. & started back to Lemnos. About 10.30 the
three other transports turned sharp and went back. At 11.30 a French torpedo boat overhauled us & met another going in opp. direction.
Entered Mudros Bay 11.30 am. Place very quiet.
Got pulled up at about 4 p.m. for not being in guard room whilst on guard. The whole … the same except Tom Swaby. Orderly room tomorrow. Was having a bath.
Thursday 29th Up anchor last night at about 9 p.m. back to fighting. At about 6 a.m. cruiser shelling top of ridge with explosive shells. Just watching rifle fighting over a green patch. Helios going.
Just before Orderly Room we began to prepare for wounded which began to come aboard 1.30
(photo of wounded in barges)
(photo of wounded on Mashobra)
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later in the afternoon. I got into operating theatre.
First opp Bullet wound & fracture of skull opened up just above r eyebrow. Capt Quick got his little finger half way into it & cut it on the skull withdrawing it.
Next man was shaved and it was regarded as useless to touch it, shrapnel wound in back of skull. Skull split & brain protruding almost an inch. Stopped by clot.
3 a.m. he has just been taken upstairs & is probably passed by now.
Next an arm was amputated just above the elbow.
Col Ryan next operated for abdominal injuries received from a sniper while resting & receiving rations.
Cut over 6 inches vertically in middle of abdomen. Viscera brought out & examined. Two punctures in stomach sutured. Not much chance.
Heard that our bearers have been cut up badly. 5 killed. Tom Webster one. Wonder how Frank & Ray are.
Had 1 hours sleep & on duty at 2 a.m.
Monday 30, Ward work. A village is ablaze from Queen Eliz shell.
Report of 200 of our troops killed by one of her shells misplaced. Search lights going.
One of the young Royal Marines given up as hopeless with a shrapnel shot in the brain. Keeps saying over & over “God help me won’t someone help me? Dad? Nellie?” He must be a Christian I think.
My ward has mostly head & abdomen
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shots. One keeps pulling off the dressing, & each time a little of brain comes out on gauze (mixed code; possibly 'Brain matter caught and pushed back').
One chap had a wound in thigh. Entered just below hip & exit a little lower - 6 inches or so & bullet stopped in his trousers. Sharp clean bullet - shorter than .303.
Special snipering of stretcher bearers causes them to cover the red cross for safety.
Another … ashore & some … firing tonight.
May 1. (1915) Sat. On at 2 a.m.
Terrific shrapnel fire over hill face down to the water about 5.30 am. 3 pairs of 12 in shells landed just offshore in the water, sending up great columns of water & making a great noise but doing no damage.
Weighed anchor at about 8 am.
2 pm burial service.
10 to be buried at sea. A few Indian artillery men aboard, N.Z. Royal Marines & Tommies as well as Aust’ns & a Frenchman.
Sunday 2nd. Three patients died in my ward - two during my shift - a shrap in the head and bullet in R chest.
The other had a shrapnel wound at the base of the spine - complicated.
One chap had a bullet enter the R chest out the left into L deltoid & on to upper biceps & then through wrist - 8 separate entries & exits.
Passed numerous hilly islands during night & day. Very hard to remember Sunday.
Monday. 3 No deaths in ward. Burial Service - 4 buried.
Sergeant Hilliers of 13th Canterbury N.Z.R. with bullet wound rear of temple insisted on my having his money belt. Took it - reported it to
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pack store corporal. Will keep & return when possible,
Pulled into a wharf at Alexandria at 2 pm.
U.S. B.S. Tennessee in harbour. Had real cup of tea & cake - 3 times repeated.
It’s interesting to speak to the Royal Marines on board.
One man with 16 years & 4 campaigns to his back told me when asked “The Aust’ns have really done something good, then?”. “Done something good! Well you’ve heard of the charge of the Light Brigade? Well that was a chuck in comparison with this.”
Another said “Well I’m game to bet a shillin’ - no, a quid - (a large amount to Tommy) that there’s no other regiment or soldiers in the world
could have done the same.”
The fellows themselves say that if the Turks had stood to them they could have done nothing. After a mile & ½ charge a hill too steep for a mule - & taking 2 other ridges a chap can’t do much.
But the Turks will never stand to the bayonet. It’s significant that there’s not a bayonet wound on board. Nothing but shrapnel & snipers.
Tuesday 4 Cleared wounded in morning.
Went ashore in afternoon with Eddie Hopkins. Met Otello Vescia near quays. He took us home to his place - 17 Via Monacte - Sister St I think - & introduced us to his family. Mother & two very nice
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and really beautiful sisters - Maria and Vincenzina
(Vincenzina married, I think, to Alexandre Papadopalo two boys around about 10 & Domenico abt 6 or 7. They can speak only Italian & Arabic, the mother only the first).
Otello speaks Italian, Greek, Arabic, French & some English. His father was not there. Otello came with us to tea & left us at 8 p.m. We went to an Egyptian shop & Eddie bought a fob chain.
This place is a much finer place than Cairo. Cleaner & better. Had a most enjoyable night.
Wednesday 5th. Ashore in evening. Went to Egyptian shop & bought filigree pen, scarf, two filigree butterflies etc.
Had very welcome dinner. Soup, spaghetti,
roast lamb, crisp potatoes, green peas, with pudding tastes very good after a month of bully beef dog biscuits, a little bread & jam & black tea sans lait (French = without milk).
Thursday 6th. Started with Sgt. Grey & Cpl. Laycock to get blankets from ordnance.
Jumped a freight train so stank after half a mile jumped off and into red cross motor. After another ½ mile got on to native springless wagon.
Found that the blankets would come from a prison where the convicts would load so we were dismissed.
Got a silk collar for Trix & sent all the things home.
Leave in afternoon. Eddie & Les Hall went in and we met
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Sgt. Stallwood, Eddie & Wilkie. Sent a cable home - Scripsimus (Latin = we wrote) Melbourne All Well, advise home, Winters. 28 ½ P.T.
Went to see Otello. He was out & there was I at 8.30 trying to make them understand that I was leaving by a boat due to sail at 8 pm.
In the end by means of a pencil and book and repeats of the word Dardanelles they comprehended & there was an outcry.
Soon Otello came home & the conversation was easy.
Friday 7th. Left with a barge in tow about 12 noon for Dardanelles. On guard 5 o’clock.
Saturday 8th. Quiet day. Guard.
Sunday. Started to teach Eddie Hopkins Esperanto.
service in morning. Singsong in evening.
Into Aegean Sea again.
Monday 10th. On Hospital. 1 patient
Tuesday 11 on at 2 a.m. Hypo injection 1/30 gm strychnine at 3 o’clock.
Just passed Lemnos. The Aegean Sea is oily tonight and it is a misty night. The larger stars make a track across the water like miniature moons. Sunset was beautiful. Rich maroons merging into gold with flecks of cloud. Sunrise also beautiful.
Dropped anchor abt 8 a.m. near Kaba Tepe.
Sound of big guns in distance.
News of sinking of “Lusitania”.
Major Hearne came aboard with mail. Hospital ashore more dangerous than trenches. blown away yesterday & one man’s head blown off & another killed. About 10 Amb wounded now.
Letters from Mother, Mrs Coleman & …
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of Grant & Coleman, Will Ashby & Muriel.
There’s a Turkish submarine mooning around tonight. Queen Elizabeth went out to sea tonight. Heavy rifle & machine gun fire.
Wednesday 12th. A lot of firing ashore. Given ½ an hour to get aboard a trawler. Went first to Gascon hospital ship with Jock Hunter. Then to Osmanieh.
1st Fd Amb just beat us there so we came on to the Seang Choon.
Forward 22nd statn. Hosp. had just beaten us there. We have stayed here the night but it’s said we’ll go to Minneopolis today.
Our bearers are doing great work ashore. All the evening & night a terrific booming is going on with continuous flashing of guns & shells, searchlights all along.
Thursday 13 Cruiser nearby was using her 6 inch guns.
Went in boat to Devanha. Got another pair of trousers, towel &
pack bag. Devanha a fine P & O 8500 tons. Up forward tonight one of crew (native) has a kind of violincello. They are singing weird Chinee and Hindoo songs.
The steam you get for heating water is useful. Boil a bucket of water in 15 seconds or so.
All lights out in evening, a submarine has got loose & was sighted not far from here. We have all to sleep with a life belt within reach.
Friday 14th. Read “War in the Pacific”. On guard 1 pm till 5 pm & 9 - 1 am. Submarine still about.
Saturday 15 Evening aeroplane about.
News of Bulgarians siding with enemy. Heavy firing all night. Talk with Mat Bronwyn(?).
Sunday 16th. YMCA Service in evening. Capt. Gillison.
Monday 17: A Turkish battery sent a couple of
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groups of 4 shrapnel cartridge & immediately the Prince of Wales replied.
In the afternoon the Queen sent over 200 shots 6 inch & 12 inch into village where enemy troops were suspected of being & into a concealed battery.
After tea Queen & Prince of Wales shot abt 50 more.
The flashes lighting everything in the twilight, then the sound reaches you 4 or 5 seconds afterwards like an enormous clap of thunder - 3 or 4 sometimes - then the sound of the shells tearing through the air & of course before the rushing sound is nearly there there seems to be a strange tree growing quickly first on a ridge.
It grows & spreads out at the top and then the wind blows it away & its place is taken by another.
On guard 5 to 9. Got full complement 450.
Tuesday 18 Terrific artillery fire at 5 a.m. Shrapnel all along ridge. Answered by cruisers.
Left Gaba Tepe at noon. Arrived in Mudros Bay 5 p.m.
Numbers of destroyers patrolling off the Dardenelles.
Wednesday 19 QM’s Fat.
Out rowing all morning unloading stores in afternoon. Wrote Mother.
Thursday 20 Carrying wounded in boat in morning (mixed code - meaning unknown)
Friday 21 Mess Orderly. Cards with sergeants in evening. Terrific storm during night.
Saturday 22 Swim before breakfast.
Hear we’re to land at Gaba Tepe tomorrow. An enormous vessel
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4 funnels came in this evening.
Sunday 23 Swim before breakfast. Swim all afternoon & in the night.
Hear that Italy is into it.
Monday 24 Empire Day. Wrote Muriel. On guard 1-5 p.m. Swim in night. Good concert & dance in evening.
Tuesday 25 Swim before breakfast. Waiting now to go off ship to Franconia.
Got on board “Franconia” about midnight. After wandering about for a while, we were ushered into 4 berth cabins.
The whole ship is magnificently fitted out, and we’re treated well by stewards etc. though the food is not too good.
Wednesday 26 Breakfast at 6.30 am.
Nothing to do. Ship 18,000 tons. Swim 8.30 & 10 pm.
Thursday 27 Mess orderly.
Went on march to other side of island 9 a.m. Swim when there & march back. Had tea in Mudros. Scrambled eggs & Persian tea - cinnamon taste.
Late back to boat.
Friday 28 Clackton party returned yesterday. 2 pm.
Orderly room for being late back - dismissed.
Bandage rolling all day. Made bandage roller.
Fine supper - apricot jam - no bread so it was called preserved apricots - condensed milk unsweetened called cream, chocolate etc. etc.
Given orders to be ready to leave in 5 minutes.
Saturday 29. Went ashore with crew - Major Shaw & Capt, Quick for stores. Met French
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native soldiers. Their pay is a sou - 1/2d a day.
Got aboard Clackton about 6 p.m. Took orders from nursing.
Are on our way to the Dardanelles now - to land, probably steering zig zag because of submarines.
Sunday 30th. Got on barge abt 4 am - landed about 4.30 a.m.
Barge hit by bullets on way. Hill face very steep & covered with dugouts.
Spent bullets going over head all the while.
Marched along beach & met all the bearers all in dug outs like possums - most still asleep.
Had a swim before breakfast.
Frank offered Eddie & I shares in his dug out. Spent most day enlarging & deepening it.
Swim about 12.30.
Just as we left the water shrapnel began to fall into it & found the sand. We got up against a cliff & waited till it eased a bit.
None came nearer than about 8 ft away. A shell head weighing some 3 lb landed about 8 or 10 feet away - very hot.
The bullets going over sound like hornets - with continuous fusillade of explosive bullets just at top of hill.
Shrapnel sounds like a big handful of pebbles thrown into the water.
Heard of Ray Thornton wounded in lung - shrapnel.
Spent bullets going into water at night sound like marbles plopping in. They’re not
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noticeable during day.
Monday 31 May 18 pdr gun 30 yds from our dug out fired a number of shots at new enemy gun. They replied but shots went over too high.
Further improved selection.
One of the Kaba Tepe guns sends shrapnel when they see a crowd in the water or on the wharf.
Takes 4 or 5 shots to get properly on to the place & by that time everyone has scuttled to the dug outs.
Realized among other things at Frank’s teaching the foolishness of washing up after every meal.
Tuesday 1st June (1915)
Awakened by last shrapnel of 5 shots landing over pier.
We broke up two boats spoilt by shells.
Got some bakchiche wood.
Kaba Tepe gun been firing a bit just now. Shrapnel very well placed.
Stableford hit through thighs not badly.
Sunsets most beautiful over a high island 10 miles or so away.
Letters on Sunday from Maude Peterson (2) Fred Grant, Mr Jenkins, Trix, Laura (2) Mother (2) Wal Meylyn.
Wrote Mother & Laura & Fred Grant.
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Wednesday 2nd June (1915)
Shrapnel in morning & during issuing of rations. No one hurt.
Went up Shrapnel Valley in afternoon. First time under direct snipers fire. Distance too great of course, for good shooting.
Hard to realise how it could be possible to carry on without protection at the first. The explosive bullets are terrible.
Wrote Mr Paul.
Terrific bombardment down at the Cape. (Thursday) -
Watched a Kaba Tepe gun send
about a dozen shots at a trawler bringing in a barge. She wouldn’t shift till a shell went through her overhanging stern.
Then cast loose & went to hospital ship.
18 pdr near us sent some shots at moving targets in evening.
Saturday 5th. Kaba Tepe gun specially accurate & well placed.
Got an infantry man on beach (case took away his arm & cleared out abdomen) same shell wounded Chas. Matthews, killed 1 ASC & wounded 2 others.
Shelled … Playing chess with Frank. Beaten.
Letters from Mother. Mabel Fuller.
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Mrs Stubbs, Mrs Ashby, Mr Healey, Uncle …, Vera, Bob Garnham.
Sunday 6th June. Firing into next valley 50yds & more away. 1 killed.
Our howitzer & 2 18 pdrs got going.
Went over to our left flank to a N.Z. Battery. Roast Beef for dinner.
Monday 7th. Pick & shovel work on new hospital.
No more swimming till after dark.
Tuesday 8th. Wrote Mr Paul & Mother.
No shrapnel. Chess in evening. Bit crook all day. Too much …
Turks said to be getting big gun into position at Kaba Tepe.
Wednesday 9th (June 1915)
Went over to R flank. Not too good yet.
Thursday 10 Nothing special.
Friday 11th Went up to trenches to see Miles. Found that he had been hit by shell in hip, not too bad though.
A good deal of shrapnel further North.
Sat 12 On digging hospital.
Letters from Mother (2) & parcel Mrs Stubbs, Grace Fenshaw.
Sunday 13. Long bombardment by Bacchante in morning. Bread issued. 3 Injured & 1 killed by Kaba Tepe gun. Thompson hit in thigh.
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Aeroplane dropped 3 bombs on Turkish lines.
Monday 14th Nothing special. On guard, 3 - 7 a.m.
Tuesday 15th. Went up to right flank.
They have a fine new sap parallel with first trenches - 20 or 30 yds in front that the Turks don’t know of yet.
Went for a swim off Hell’s point.
A monitor shelled point past Kaba Tepe. A large … gun sent in 41 high explosive shells to the ASC nearby. No one hurt.
Provisions mixed a bit.
3 Barrels of wine - claret they say - floated ashore - probably
from the Triconian & half the camp was merry. Kerosene tins full in the dug outs.
Wrote Mrs Stone & Mother.
Some silly reports of early peace here. Please everyone but not much chance of being true.
Denslie just been hit by shrapnel - over R eye. Not much chance apparently.
Wrote Mother & Mrs Stone.
Thursday 17. Olive Grove gun killed 5 & wounded 25 at Head Quarters today.
Our hydrobiplane dropped 2 bombs near Kaba Tepe. Bit of a go between destroyers & 2 shore guns.
On Guard 11 - 3 a.m. First time
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shrapnel has come over dug out from Olive Grove gun.
Friday 18 Centenary of Waterloo.
Notice in Peninsular Press of bomb throwing competition - Major for referee - Lieut for time keeper. Teams of 2 jam tin bombs each. 2 points for a hit inside Turkish trenches - 1 point if landed within 3 ft either front or rear. 1 extra point for a team no member of which shows himself.
1st Prize 20 pkts cigs & tin marmalade -
2nd 16 pkts & 1 tin
3rd 12 pkts.
Olive Gve gun sent over 9 shells about 10.30 pm slightly wounded Macdonald.
Saturday 19th Nothing special.
Letters from Trix, Laura & Mrs Stubbs - Aust papers with full account of landing.
Sunday 20. Frank up the Gully.
Cpl Laycock hit by shrapnel.
Chisholm 1 patient also in knee.
Wrote Bert Burge & Patty.
Heavy bombardment up at Hellas.
On guard 11 pm till 3 a.m. Cutting sap past front of hospital. Needed.
Monday 21. … … Head.
Letter from Mother.
Monitor & torpedo boat destroyer & our howitzer shelled Kaba Tepe. ... at through observation telescope. Well worth seeing.
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Unidentified members of the 2nd Australian Field Ambulance practising boat drill in the harbour on the Aegean island of Lemnos in preparation for the landing at Anzac Cove. In the background is the transport ship SS Katuna (A13), which belonged to the Ellerman & Bucknall Steamship Company and was under Commonwealth control until 10 February 1917.
The 2nd Australian Field Ambulance arriving at the wharf in the Egyptian port to embark for the Gallipoli Peninsula. In the foreground, several small railway carriages are conveying about eight horses each. The vessel whose stern can be seen on the right is the HMAT Mashobra, which conveyed Australian troops to Anzac Cove on 25 April 1915.
Seated on the deck of the troopship HMAT Mashobra, officers of the 2nd Field Ambulance watch the landing at Anzac Cove, some using binoculars. The man second from the right is watching though a rangefinder. Third from the right is Lieutenant Colonel Alfred Hobart Sturdee, Commanding Officer of the 2nd Field Ambulance.
wounded soldiers from Anzac, mostly stretcher cases, come alongside a carrier
ship prior to transporting them to hospital facilities
A group of unidentified wounded men aboard the transport ship HMAT Mashobra (A47). The casualties resulting from the landing at Anzac Cove were too numerous to be accomodated in the available hospital ships; therefore the Mashobra and other transports which had landed the troops were hastily made over to serve as hospital ships.
The dugouts of the 2nd and 3rd Australian Field Ambulance Brigades at Anzac Cove. Standing in the foreground and flanked by two unidentified colleagues is Dr Henry Kenneth Fry, a Captain with the 3rd Field Ambulance.